Regions of Hungary


Geographic Regions

The country can be divided into three different geographical regions.

Three popular freshwater lakes (Lake Balaton, Lake Velence and Lake Fertő) draw the tourists to Transdanubia (West). The nature harmonic architecture of the Őrség villages, and the inhabitants with particular respect for tradition are impressive. The produce of high-skilled and hardworking wine farmers attract the tourists to the small villages of the Balaton Uplands and Villány wine regions. The special sub-tropical climate of the Mecsek Hills, the romantic landscapes of the Bakony and the natural beauty of the Somogy-Zala hills, Vértes, Gerecse and Pilis mountains are the favorite destinations for nature lovers.

The uniquely beautiful North Hungarian Mountains reach from the Danube bend to the world famous Tokaj wine region. Lakes hidden in the medium high mountains, villages along the flowing brooks attract tourists throughout the year. Throughout the spring and summer hiking and biking tourist, enthusiasts of mountain horseback riding are all looking for this region.

In the autumn, at harvest-time the Gyöngyös, Eger and Tokaj wine regions are sought after. During winter, the snow-covered mountain villages of Börzsöny, Cserhát, Mátra, Bükk, and Zemplén are teeming with life. The Aggtelek cave system holds the UNESCO World Natural Heritage Site title, the 23-20 million years old ancient footprint find at Ipolytarnóc was awarded the Europe Prize, and the uniquely preserved village of Hollókő is on the UNESCO World Heritage village list.

The Great Hungarian Plain (east) is characterized by rural tourism, the romance of the “puszta”, the resorts along the Tisza and Körös rivers and at Lake Tisza. The backwaters and lakes are ideal for water sports and fishing.The unspoilt natural environment of the settlements along the Upper Tisza are remarkable. The oldest and biggest among our national parks is the exceptional Kiskunság National Park, the Hortobágy National Park is among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The Alföld spas are also very popular.

Hungarian Water Resource

Subsurface waters
Hungary is situated in the Carpathian basin on mostly plain terrain, so it is rich in subsurface and thermal waters. It is among the richest countries in thermal water in Europe. The dissolved minerals in the water have therapeutic effects.
Natural hot springs also surfaced in some areas, like at Hévíz or at places with “Tapolca”in their names. Hot springs are also common in Budapest. The city has a significant spa culture dating back to the Roman and Turkish era. The inflow of Mill Lake at Buda is a hot spring. The temperature of the waters erupting from the deep could reach up to 70-90 °C. At the Széchenyi Bath in the Budapest City Park, the 76 °C water erupts from 1250 meters, at Zalakaros, the water temperature is 96°C. These waters contain valuable minerals (carbon dioxide, iron, alum, iodine, sulfur waters). They are suitable for medical purposes.

Surface Waters
The hydrology of Hungary is determined by the fact, that it lies in the center of the Carpathian Basin, surrounded by the semicircle of the Carpathian Mountains. The two major rivers of Hungary are the Danube and Tisza Rivers, which pass through the country. The most famous lake of the country is Lake Balaton, which is the biggest lake not only in Hungary, but in Central Europe. Its surface is 600 km², its length is 77 km, its maximum width is 15 km. Lake Fertő is the second biggest lake of Hungary, it is located on the border with Austria. 75 km² of its surface belongs to Hungary. The next major still water is Lake Velence, its surface is 26 km².

Many lukewarm or hot spring lakes  are at Hungary’s disposal, such as the tourismwise considerable Lake Hévíz, the lake at Miskolctapolca, the artificial fishponds at Hortobágy, Lake Tisza or Bottomless Lake at Budapest.